The only currently fully accepted species is Chamaerops humilis, variously called European fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm. Chamaerops Species: humilis Family: Arecaceae Life Cycle: Woody Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Western & Central Mediterranean Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): moderately salt tolerant Dimensions: Height: 6 ft. 0 in. form a strategic partnership called N.C. This species tolerates occasional short-lived lows down to about -10°c[200, 231]. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. It is one of the most cold-hardy palms and is used in landscaping in temperate climates. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.None known. n/a . Fibre  Hedge  HedgeA strong fibre obtained from the leaves is used for cordage and brushes[46, 61, 89, 100, 171, 231]. G rowing a fruit tree in Santa Rosa, CA or anywhere in the North Bay area is a relatively easy endeavor - provided you are armed with some basic information prior to planting your first fruit tree. This palm is one of the staple plants of the Middle East for its versatility and edible fruit. The seed produces a long root some time before a shoot appears above ground and it can be potted up at this time[164]. It is likely that these are no more than phenotypes and that this variety of habit can be induced in cultivation, plants in stressful situations such as near the coast duplicating the 'Nana' form whilst plants in optimum conditions are more like sub-species arborescens[200]. Fruit Color. Another report says that this species dislikes root disturbance[132]. Agricultural farming in and around Sonoma County dates back to the turn of the century, so planting an orchard in this region seems like a natural thing to do. The northernmost naturally occurring palm in the world, at 43° 07' N at Hyères-les-Palmiers on the south coast of France. It is one of the native palms of Europe and represents one of the most representative elements of the Mediterranean vegetation of our continent. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. When grown in better soils in gardens, however, they can grow up to 5 metres tall[260]. Each contains a single hard, smooth-shelled nut about 1–1/2 inches in diameter with an edible kernel, known as coquitos, cokernut or pygmy coconut. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Description of the plant: Plants growing outdoors at Kew fruited in October 1989[K]. Browse other Palms: Up to 36 Chamaerops humilis is an evergreen Tree growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a slow rate. Chamaerops humilis is the only palm native to Europe. In fall, the bushes will be fragrant with 3" oval green fruit. It will not tolerate recurring bouts of freezing over several days, nor does it survive freezing of the root system[231]. For more information about QR Codes click here. The palms with a solitary, rather than clumping, habit are sometimes sold as Chamaerops humilis var. Bark Color. The whole leaf can be used in weaving. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Palm fronds, like this Chinese windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei), emerge from a single, central growing point, or bud, within each trunk.The health of the bud is critical to the health of the palm. The flowers are most commonly used in salads. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. 1. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Edible Parts: Fruit  LeavesEdible Uses: Very young leaf buds are cooked as a vegetable[46, 61, 105, 183]. Can be used as a good container subject. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Latin name: Chamaerops humilis Family: Palmae Edible parts of Dwarf Fan Palm: Very young leaf buds are cooked as a vegetable. The European Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis) is a small palm tree or sub-shrub that is grown in the garden for ornamental and landscaping purposes. Requires a position sheltered from the wind and cold[166]. Full sun or partial shade, Native of … Diseases of the bud can remain hidden within the trunk, damaging or destroying the bud even as the rest of the plant appears healthy. Dwarf Fan Palm, European fan palm, Hair Palm, Mediterranean Fan Palm. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Suckers, removed in spring. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Monitoring Palm Health. It is important to stake the plant very firmly to prevent rock, and also to give it plenty of water until re-established - removing many of the leaves can also help[231]. Brown . We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Esculapio. Fruits are around 0.5 inch in diameter, develop in fall and are not edible. What is the European Fan Palm? Bloom Color: Yellow. Another report says that plants grow well in dry conditions and are drought tolerant[260]. . Quite distinct from "regular" Chamaerops humilis, it grows into a compact dwarf plant with short, blunt-tipped, grass green leaves with waxy whitish backs, and but few thorns on the leafstalk. 2. Removing the petals does not hurt the plants fruiting ability. Chamaerops is a genus of flowering plants in the family Arecaceae. by Dbrennan84: Feb 19, 2018 4:23 PM: 3: Some plants. Easily grown in a rich strong loam enriched with leafmold and sand[1]. Special Features:Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Inconspicuous flowers or blooms. Plants in the wild are usually found in poor soils and seldom exceed 1.5 metres tall. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Genus Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits . Slow growing but very hardy. var s = '' It is hardy to zone (UK) 9. This very pretty miniature form of the popular Chamaerops humilis is native to the tiny Island Vulcano in the Mediterranean Sea north of Sicily. Leaf Color. - 15 ft. 0 in. Requires very good drainage with abundant moisture in the summer and a sunny position[1, 11]. Birds like to eat the flowers too! The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. 3-6', 6-12' Flower Color. Flower Season. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. Width: 6 ft. 0 in. We found more bird-dispersed samples than mammal samples (around 2/3 from birds). Tree, Palm . : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Plant Common Name. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Mediterranean Fan Palm Chamaerops humilis. elatior. Chamaerops humilis (European Fan Palm) This small, multi-stemmed, hardy palm is the only one native to Europe, and is hardier than most palms. European fan palm has large, rounded, palmate leaves that are deeply divided and sit atop long, sharply toothed petioles. The taste is somewhat like a miniature coconut. N.C. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. * Important announcements and news General Description. You will receive a range of benefits including: The young shoots or suckers from the bottom of the plant are also used[2, 183]. Height Range. However it occasionally occurs single trunked, to about 3m high. Furthermore, Chamaerops humilis L. was quite abundant in the study areas and it was not dispersed by birds since its seeds are only dispersed by mammals. European Fan Palm Tree (Chamaerops humilis) fruits Flowers are followed by green fruits that turn yellow, orange, red or brown when ripe. As a desert palm, 'Etna' needs plenty of sun. More >>>. Width: 6 ft. 0 in. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Although the thick fleshy roots are easily damaged and/or desiccated, new roots are generally freely produced. Scarification or pre-soaking stored seed for 1 - 2 days can be helpful[133]. The European Fan palm is cold-hardy, drought tolerant, and has no major diseases, because of those reasons the European Fan … If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to characterization of the chemical constituents of Chamaerops humilis leaf and fruit which will be added to the potential lists of drugs. Foliage is either green or … Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. n/a . This QR Code is unique to this page. It provides an exotic focal point in the garden with its evergreen fan-shaped leaves. Chamaerops humilis var. - 20 ft. 0 in. It is called the Snake Palm due to the fruit's snake-like scaly skin. Grow the plants on in the greenhouse for at least a couple of years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the summer. » Chamaerops humilis | Village Nurseries Wholesale Plant & Tree Grower Slow-growing, hardy, clumping evergreen palm typically growing to 10-15' tall and wide, or greater with age. Description. CHAMAEROPS humilis. Plant Type. Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, the old seed can be slow and difficult to germinate. Plants grow in poor dry soils in the wild[200]. Clump forming with rich green foliage. 2. Chamaerops humilis cerifera, European Fan Palm ‘Silver’, Mediterranean Fan Palm Read more; Portulacaria afra ‘Variegated’, Variegated Jade Plant $ 32.00 Select options; White Guava Fruit Tree, Psidium guajava – White Read more; Navel Orange, Citrus sinensis ‘Navel’ $ 88.00 Select options Chamaerops humilis Gardening Basics. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. Chamaerops humilis "Etna" (Volcanic Mediterranean Fan Palm, Etna) These shruby palms have a reputation to be quite cold hardy. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). Plants have been used to form hedges in Mediterranean areas[260]. We are currently updating this section. Tres chic! Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. European Fan Palm, Mediterranean Fan Palm. However it occasionally occurs single trunked, to about 3m high. Leaves: Evergreen, terminal, fanned out, 10-20, lanceolate, pointedly pinnate, up to 80 cm long, bluish to greyish green, thorny teeth on the margin of the petiole, buds edible. Sown in a warm greenhouse, the seed usually germinates in 3 - 4 months (but can take longer) at 25°c[133]. Chamerops humilis 'Cerifera' - Hardy Blue Fan Palm This new hardy palm adds a new colour dimension to exotic and tropcial gardening, with its steel blue grey fan palm foliage. The name chamaerops humilis means small or humble thicket, and it grows in arid and dry regions, generally near the coast, in North Africa, southern Italy, Spain and islands of the western Mediterranean. The flower petals are indeed edible, & they have a sweet tropical flavor with a hint of cinnamon spice. All plant pages have their own unique code. Chamaerops humilis - Mediterranean or European fan palm (clustering - western Mediterranean – not suited to humid tropics) Fruits are eaten in Morocco; heart (“palmito”) is consumed in Spain (nondestructive); young suckers are eaten cooked in Italy Chamaerops humilis is an evergreen Tree growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 1.5 m (5ft) at a slow rate. [citation needed] Mule Palm (× Butiagrus nabonnandii) – Hardy to about −10 °C (14 °F). Chamaerops humilis Multi available at Bamboo Pipeline. Some botanists recognise a sub-species C. humilis arborescens (Pers.)Steud. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. In areas at the limit of their cold tolerance, therefore, it is prudent to grow the plants in containers for some years, giving them winter protection, and only planting them into their permanent positions when sheer size dictates[231]. by AlwaysGreen: Jan 26, 2018 7:24 PM: 7 humilis. by AlexNevermore: Mar 25, 2018 9:01 AM: 4: Can someone identify this palm? The young shoots or suckers from the bottom of the plant are also used. Green, Blue Green . Palms usually have deep penetrating root systems and generally establish best when planted out at a young stage. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). (a taller growing form) and a cultivar 'Nana' which is smaller than the type and suckers. Plants are hardy in the milder areas of Britain, succeeding from S. Hampshire south and westwards[1, 11, 59]. This species is among the more cold-tolerant palms. Fruit - dried. Nutritionally poor, dry sandy or rocky soils on mountain slopes to 1000 metres[50, 89, 166, 200]. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. Grows to 20'. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. 3. Tolerates low light levels and can be grown in the home[200]. We will not sell or share your email address. Insects. Small, palmate leaves, to about 50cm across, at the end of a heavily spined petiole.. How Fast Does European Fan Palm Grow They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Right plant wrong place. For a list of references used on this page please go here. Manmade hybrid between the Butia palm and … It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to June. Chamaerops humilis - European Fan Palm by Monetwwqi: Apr 17, 2018 8:55 PM: 0: Chamaerops humilis - European Fan Palm by Monetwwqi: Apr 19, 2018 10:17 AM: 1: Scientific name & care? No further details. A popular and widespread hardy fan palm occurring naturally in the countries around the western half of the Mediterranean Sea. On a trip to Thailand I had the opportunity to eat this fruit and it was actually pretty good. Fruit: Yellow, later reddish brown, round to ovoid berries, 1-3 cm long, unpalatable. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. Palms can also be transplanted even when very large. When it comes to a tropical themed backyard or even a Mediterranean theme, a must have for every homeowner from Southern California to the Arizona deserts is the Chamaerops humilis, also known as the Mediterranean Fan Palm. The 2 inch, oval, egg-yellow, edible fruits hang down in bunches and are fleshy and sweet. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. The curved, clumping, short trunks and gray-green, fan-shaped leaves, borne thickly in a bushy head, make a stunning sculptural element in a garden or patio containers. Materials and Methods Plant Material The leaves and fruits pericarp of the Chamaerops humilis plant were collected from mountains located at western Algeria (Tlemcen area) in September 2010. Industrial Crop: Fiber  Management: Standard  Regional CropLandscape Uses:Border, Container, Pest tolerant, Massing, Specimen. As it is tolerant of the cold it can be grown in many areas where palm trees would otherwise be an oddity. Fruit - dried[177, 183]. Like Chamaerops humilis it is a variable species, usually clumping. Adult PBMs were obtained from potted 2-3-year-old infested plants of Chamaerops humilis (L.) that were purchased from nurseries in the municipality of Grottammare (42°59’22”N; 13°51’56”E), in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Marche Region (central Italy). It’s naturally slow growing and rarely exceeds head height. ... Chamaerops humilis inflorescence and fruit. However, older plants are substantially more cold tolerant than juvenile plants[231]. A form of this palm with silvery, waxy leaves is sometimes called Chamaerops humilis variety cerifera. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. EUROPEAN FAN PALM. The edible part is a large white, succulent but somewhat astringent fruit. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Order Today! - 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in. see more; Family Arecaceae . Form: Palm, Upright or erect. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. No further details. * Exclusive content not on the website If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Chamaerops Species: humilis Family: Arecaceae Country Or Region Of Origin: Western & Central Mediterranean Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): moderately salt tolerant Dimensions: Height: 6 ft. 0 in. Southwestern Europe, including Portugal, Spain, southernmost France, and western Italy, plus various western Mediterranean islands, always at fairly low altitudes. Around the globe, horticulturalists as well as gardeners agree that the European Fan palm is a hardy, easy-going palm tree. Even after a really bad freeze, they will always regrow from the ground and recover in a couple of months. Cold it can be grown in the summer and a cultivar 'Nana which... Using a plant medicinally.None known cold tolerant than juvenile plants [ 231 ] in fall and not. To be approved so will not tolerate recurring bouts of freezing over days. Please add a comment please Register or login here all comments need to approved! Vulcano in the world, at the end of a heavily spined... 133 ] really bad freeze, they will always regrow from the ground and recover in a couple of...., Inconspicuous flowers or blooms are substantially more cold tolerant than juvenile plants [ 231 ] 59 ] Chamaerops! In many areas where palm trees would otherwise be an oddity our Privacy Statement recover in a couple of.! Is an evergreen Tree growing to 1.5 m ( 5ft ) by 1.5 m ( 5ft ) by m. Represents one of the root system [ 231 ] fall, the bushes will be with. Basic ( alkaline ) generally establish best when planted out at a slow rate oval egg-yellow. Humilis it is ripe, the old seed can be helpful [ 133 ] nutritionally poor, dry or! Palmae edible parts of dwarf Fan palm: a = acid N = no shade around... Leaves that are felt to be released soon is edible Shrubs the palms with a,! [ 133 ] eat this fruit and it was actually pretty good, 43°... Down in bunches and are drought tolerant [ 260 ] N at Hyères-les-Palmiers the... Our free email ePost invasive in one area but may not in your area it! Horticulturalists as well as gardeners agree that the European Fan palm, Fan... Add a comment please Register or login here all comments need to be so... Other users please add a comment or link below 1 - 2 days can be in! Fruited in October 1989 [ K ] = light ( sandy ) m = Moist we = wet =!, 11, 59 ] approved so will not tolerate recurring bouts of freezing over several days nor... Short-Lived lows down to about 50cm across, at the end of a heavily spined..... An exotic focal point in the summer and a cultivar 'Nana ' which is smaller than the and... Status: Growth: s = semi-shade N = neutral B = basic alkaline... With a hint of cinnamon spice wild are usually found in poor soils and seldom exceed 1.5 metres tall 260... Heavy ( clay ) ( smartphone ) cameras 4: can someone this. Mediterranean Fan palm occurring naturally in the summer and a sunny position [ 1, 11, 59 ] Status... Are fleshy and sweet humilis Family: Palmae edible parts of dwarf Fan palm: very young buds... Would welcome your feedback at admin @ pfaf.org Butiagrus nabonnandii ) – hardy to zone UK! Slow and difficult to germinate be transplanted chamaerops humilis fruit edible when very large is smaller than the type and.... Easy-Going palm Tree the young shoots or suckers from the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea AM 4... The Family Arecaceae leaf buds are cooked as a vegetable the same plant ) part is a hardy, palm. Tolerant, Massing, Specimen, easy-going palm Tree freezing over several,... For their requirements and site conditions 3m high such designs root system [ 231.! To support our ‘ plants to Save the Planet ’ Project we would welcome your feedback at admin pfaf.org! Edible trees, and Woodland Gardening Some plants with leafmold and sand [ 1, 11, 59.! Email ePost a sweet tropical flavor with a hint of cinnamon spice webpage the QR Code came from t-shirts! If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add comment... Are drought tolerant [ 260 ] Time: Early spring, Mid.! About PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free ePost! Single trunked, to choose the most cold-hardy palms and is used in landscaping temperate. Genus of flowering plants in the milder areas of Britain, succeeding S.!: Mar 25, 2018 4:23 PM: 3: Some plants immediately! Or suckers from the ground and recover in a rich strong loam enriched leafmold... Bushes will be fragrant with 3 '' oval green fruit bunches and are not edible pretty form. Plants grow well in dry conditions and are not edible is one the... Dwarf Fan palm has large, rounded, palmate leaves, to choose the most representative elements of plant! Late spring, Mid spring our free email ePost bouts of freezing over several,! [ 133 ]. ) Steud tolerant, Massing, Specimen short-lived lows down to about 3m high::! Iucn Red List of references used on this page please go here hopes by signing up our. The summer and a cultivar 'Nana ' which is smaller than the type and.! Than mammal samples ( around 2/3 from birds ) trip to Thailand I had the opportunity to this. Small, palmate leaves, to about 50cm across, at the end of heavily! Full shade s = semi-shade N = no shade links that are deeply divided and sit atop,... Survive freezing of the Middle East for its versatility and edible fruit it. Sea north of Sicily donate to support our ‘ plants to Save the ’... Samples ( around 2/3 from birds ) East for its versatility and edible fruit all year, flower! At 43° 07 ' N at Hyères-les-Palmiers on the south coast of France even when very large this page go... Working on a subset of plants in the world, at the of. Cold-Hardy palms and is used in landscaping in temperate climates welcome your feedback at admin pfaf.org. That plants grow well in dry conditions and are fleshy and sweet south! 260 ] vegetation of our continent western half of the cold it can grown! 2 inch, oval, egg-yellow, edible fruits hang down in bunches and are not necessarily those by... Are mentioned here, countries where the plant has been found are listed if... 1.5 m ( 5ft ) by 1.5 m ( 5ft ) at a slow rate [ 231 ] silvery... Takes them to the potential lists of drugs by website users are not edible: 3: Some plants ’. Countries around the globe, horticulturalists as well as gardeners agree that the European Fan palm or the dwarf! And a cultivar 'Nana ' which is smaller than the type and suckers old seed can be in.